Created by on - Updated on 06/07/2022 11:06

Observation Sources:

The International Comprehensive Ocean Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) 1662-present: contains the full suite of meteorological variables and also sea surface temperature from marine platforms such as ships and buoys.

Met Office Hadley Centre Integrated Ocean Database (HadIOD) 1850-present: A database of global in situ ocean temperature and salinity observations with quantified measurement errors and quality flags (updated monthly). Blends observations from the surface and sub-surface in a single product. Data are extracted into NetCDF format for release. Uses ICOADS, EN4 and CMEMS data. Detailed user guide available.

World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) 1990 - 2002

The WOCE data set is the most comprehensive data set ever collected from the global ocean. The NCEI site provides access to the final (3rd) version of the data set collected during the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (1990-1997).

World Ocean Database 2018 (WOD) is an update of World Ocean

The WOD consists of periodic major releases and quarterly updates to those releases. Each major release is associated with a concurrent release of the World Ocean Atlas (WOA), and contains final quality control flags used in the WOA, which includes manual as well as automated steps. Each quarterly update release includes additional historical and recent data and preliminary quality control. The latest major release is World Ocean Database 2018 (WOD18), which includes more than 15.7 million oceanographic casts made up of 3.56 billion individual profile measurements.

RECovery of Logbooks And International Marine data (RECLAIM) Project. A cooperative international project to locate and image historical ship logbooks and related marine data and metadata from archives across the globe, and to digitize the meteorological and oceanographic observations for merger into the International Comprehensive Ocean-Atmosphere Data Set (ICOADS) and for utilization for climate research. The project seeks to provide expert guidance and assistance to data rescue projects, concerning national archive holdings, and the content and characteristics of their marine records, historical observational practices, and metadata.

Oldweather ( is helping scientists recover worldwide weather observations made by Royal Navy ships around the time of World War I. These transcriptions will contribute to climate model projections and improve a database of weather extremes. Historians will use the work to track past ship movements and the stories of the people on board.

Atmospheric Circulation Reconstructions over the Earth (ACRE) working group on Data Rescue.


Christa Pudmenzky (not verified)

Tue, 04/15/2014 - 01:53

Dear All, Every year the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) runs an ABC Science's National Science Week Citizen Science Project. I have submitted a proposal to get the thousands of Clement Wragge’s historical ship logbook images I have photographed digitised. My proposal has been successful. The project will run for the months of August. The aim of this project is to make a major contribution to ACRE initiative by involving as many ‘citizen scientists’ as possible in digitising thousands photographed ship logbook weather extracts dating from 1882 to 1903, that were collected by Clement Wragge, the former Government Meteorologist of Queensland. These log extracts cover the immediate Australasian region and also capture ships traversing the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. Each image has recordings of locations, sea surface and air temperatures, barometric pressure, wind direction and other interesting observations e.g. location of pack ice, sun spots etc. The information from hundreds or thousands of points of weather measurements made from ships will contribute to the improvement of climate model projections and markedly extend international databases and baselines of global weather and extremes. Christa Pudmenzky International Centre for Applied Climate Sciences (ICACS) University of Southern Queensland Toowoomba, Queensland, 4350, Australia

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