Observational studies

Created by eca on - Updated on 07/18/2016 10:13

This page provides a sampling of recent research using observations related to reanalyses.*

ECA&D dataset: 

  • Original paper: Klein Tank, A.M.G. and et al., 2002. Daily dataset of 20th-century surface air temperature and precipitation series for the European Climate Assessment. Int. J. Climatol., 22, 1441-1453, doi:10.1002/joc.773
  • Paper updated dataset: Klok, E.J. and A.M.G. Klein Tank, 2009. Updated and extended European dataset of daily climate observations. Int. J. Climatol., 29, 1182, doi:10.1002/joc.1779.

E-OBS dataset:

  • Temperature and precipitation: Haylock, M.R., N. Hofstra, A.M.G. Klein Tank, E.J. Klok, P.D. Jones, and M. New, 2008, A European daily high-resolution gridded data set of surface temperature and precipitation for 1950-2006. J. Geophys. Res., 113, D20119, doi:10.1029/2008JD010201.
  • Sea level pressure: van den Besselaar, E.J.M., M.R. Haylock, G. van der Schrier, A.M.G. Klein Tank, 2011, A European Daily High-resolution Observational Gridded Data set of Sea Level Pressure, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D11110, doi:10.1029/2010JD015468

Research papers (by topic):



  • Circulation and temperature extremes: van den Besselaar, E.J.M., A.M.G. Klein Tank, G. van der Schrier, 2010. Influence of circulation types on temperature extremes in Europe. Theor. Appl. Climatol., 99, 431-439, doi:10.1007/s00704-009-0153-6
  • Walker circulation:  L'Heureux, M.L., S. Lee, and B. Lyon, 2013. Recent multidecadal strengthening of the Walker circulation across the tropical Pacific.  Nature Clim Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate1840. Discussion Page.
  • Winds near the surface. Kent, E. C., Fangohr, S. and Berry, D. I., 2012: A comparative assessment of monthly mean wind speed products over the global ocean. Int. J. Climatol., in press, doi:10.1002/joc.3606.

  Datasets/Analysis Methods

  • High resolution global hourly near surface air temperature: Wang, A., X. Zeng, 2013: Development of globaly hourly 0.5-degree land surface air temperature datasets. J. Climate, in press, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00682.1. Discussion page
  • E-OBS evaluation paper: Hofstra, N., M. Haylock, M. New, P.D. Jones, 2009. Testing E-OBS European high-resolution gridded dataset of daily precipitation and surface temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 114, D21101, doi:10.1029/2009JD011799
  • Effect of GTS data on climate series: van den Besselaar, E.J.M, A.M.G. Klein Tank, G. van der Schrier, P.D. Jones, 2012, Synoptic messages to extend climate data records, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D07101, doi:10.1029/2011JD016687


  • Worldwide trends in indices of extremes: Alexander, L.V., X. Zhang, T.C. Peterson, J. Caesar, B. Gleason, A.M.G. Klein Tank, M. Haylock, D. Collins, B. Trewin, F. Rahimzadeh, A. Tagipour, P. Ambenje, K. Rupa Kumar, J. Revadekar and G. Griffiths, 2006. Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation. J. Geophys. Res., 111, D05109, doi:10.1029/2005JD006290
  • Global dataset of temperature and precipitation extremes indices 1901-2010: Donat, M. G., L. V. Alexander, H. Yang, I. Durre, R. Vose, R. J. H. Dunn, K. M. Willett, E. Aguilar, M. Brunet, J. Caesar, B. Hewitson, C. Jack, A. M. G. Klein Tank, A. C. Kruger, J. Marengo, T. C. Peterson, M. Renom, C. Oria Rojas, M. Rusticucci, J. Salinger, A. S. Elrayah, S. S. Sekele, A. K. Srivastava, B. Trewin, C. Villarroel, L. A. Vincent, P. Zhai, X. Zhang and S. Kitching, 2013: Updated analyses of temperature and precipitation extreme indices since the beginning of the twentieth century: The HadEX2 dataset, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 2098–2118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50150
  • Temperature and precipitation extremes indices for climate monitoring 1951-present:  Donat, M. G., L. V. Alexander, H. Yang, I. Durre, R. Vose, J. Caesar, 2013: Global land-based datasets for monitoring climatic extremes, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 997-1006, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-12-00109.1
  • Wind extremes: Brönnimann, S., O. Martius, H. von Waldow, C. Welker, J. Luterbacher, G.P. Compo, P.D. Sardeshmukh, and T. Usbeck, 2012: Extreme winds at northern mid-latitudes since 1871. Meteorol. Zeit., 21, 13-27, doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2012/0337

​Synoptic Events:


  • Wind gusts thresholds for Meteoalarm: Stepek, A., I.L. Wijnant, G. van der Schrier, E.J.M. van den Besselaar, A.M.G. Klein Tank, 2012. Severe wind gust thresholds for Meteoalarm derived from uniform return periods in ECA&D. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 12, 1969-1981, doi:10.5194/nhess-12-1969-2012


  • European precipitation extremes: van den Besselaar, E.J.M., A.M.G. Klein Tank, T.A. Buishand, 2012. Trends in European precipitation extremes over 1951-2010. Int. J. Climatol., doi:10.1002/joc.3619
  • E-OBS scaling paper: Hofstra, N., M. New, C. McSweeney, 2010. The influence of interpolation and station network density on the distributions and trends of climate variables in gridded daily data. Clym.Dyn., 35, 841, doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0698-1
  • Walker circulation:  L'Heureux, M.L., S. Lee, and B. Lyon, 2013. Recent multidecadal strengthening of the Walker circulation across the tropical Pacific.  Nature Clim Change, doi:10.1038/nclimate1840.




*This list is not comprehensive, but the interested reader should feel free to request an account and include any relevant published research the reader think may be useful to communicate. Please use the existing categories, only adding new ones as needed. Add a brief description and use reverse chronological order under each topic. Readers are encouraged to link a Discussion Page summarizing their paper, presentation, or other results.

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