Satellite

Last edited by paul.poli on Thu, 04/10/2014 - 00:44

Satellite observations in reanalyses

Dataset overview relevant to atmospheric reanalyses

Visit the following page for a list of about 190 satellite datasets.

Usage overview in atmospheric reanalyses

Instrument,
Observable
CFSR MERRA JRA-25 JRA-55 ERA-Interim
Overview of satellite data usage in a few of the modern atmospheric global reanalyses
MSU,
radiances
ch. 1,2,3,4
For NOAA-10 to -14, NESDIS SNO corrected calibration coefficients; Exclusions: tighten qc limits in tropics and over high terrain; window test ch. 2
ch. 1,2,3,4
NESDIS SNO corrected calibration coefficients;
Exclusions: snow, ice, mixed surfaces for ch. 1,2
ch. 2, 3, 4
Exclusions: land or rain for ch. 2-3
ch. 2, 3, 4
Exclusions: land or rain for ch. 2, land for ch. 3
ch. 2, 3, 4
Exclusions: land or rain for ch. 2, land for ch. 3
AMSU-A,
radiances
ch. 1-13, 15
Exclusions: estimated cloud liquid water large for ch. 1-5, 15;  Scattering index too large for ch. 1-6, 15; Channel 4 gross check large for ch. 1-5,15; Ch. 6 gross check large for ch. 1-6,15; Over high orography (> 2000m) for ch. 1-5, 15; large fit to emissivity or Ts for ch. 1-5, 15
ch.1-15
Exclusions: snow, ice, mixed surfaces for ch. 1-6,15, no offset bias correct for ch.14
ch. 4-13
Exclusions: sea-ice or land for ch. 4-5, high terrain for ch. 6-7, rain for ch4-6
ch. 4-14
Exclusions: sea-ice or land for ch. 4-5, high terrain for ch.6-7, rain for ch4-8
ch. 5-14 Exclusions: high terrain for ch. 5-6, rain for ch. 5-7, no offset bias correct for ch14
AMSU-B / MHS,
radiances
ch. 1-5
Exclusions: scattering index too large, channel 1 fit too large, any channel failing gross check, high orography (>2000m).
ch. 1-5
Exclusions: snow, ice, mixed surfaces for ch. 1,2,5
ch. 3-5
Exclusions: land, sea-ice, rain
ch. 3-5
Exclusions: land, sea-ice, rain
ch. 3-5
Exclusions: sea-ice, rain, high terrain for ch. 3-4,  land for ch. 5
SSMI,
radiances
  ch. 1-7
Ocean only
  ch. 1,3,4,6
Exclusions: land, rain
ch. 1-7
Exclusions: land, rain

HIRS,
radiances

ch. 2-15
Exclusions: Over water wavenumbers > 2400 during day; high orography (> 2000);  above model top; only use channels with signal above clouds; surface sensing channels with large difference.
ch. 2-15
Exclusions: land for channels 5-8
ch. 2-7, 11, 12, 14, 15
Exclusions: clouds or land for ch. 4 and above
ch. 2-7, 11, 12, 14, 15
Exclusions: land for ch. 4-7, 11, 14, 15, high terrain for ch. 12, clouds for ch. 3 and above
ch. 2-7, 11, 12, 14, 15.
Exclusions: clouds, land for ch. 4-7, 11, 14, 15, high terrain for ch. 12
SSU,
radiances
ch. 1,2,3
All channels bias-corrected.
ch.1,2,3
No offset bias correct. for ch.3
ch. 1,2,3 ch. 1,2,3 ch. 1,2,3
No offset bias correct. for ch.3
GEO,
radiances
GOES sounder, 5x5 1993-2007, 1x1 2007- GOES sounder   GOES, METEOSAT, GMS, MTSAT imagers GOES, METEOSAT, MTSAT imagers
SSMI,
retrievals
Surface wind speed above oceans Surface wind speed above oceans, Rain rate Total column water vapor, Snow cover Snow cover Total column water vapor in rainy areas above oceans

Imager,
upper-air winds

GOES, METEOSAT, GMS, MTSAT, MODIS GOES, METEOSAT, GMS, MODIS GOES, METEOSAT, GMS, MTSAT, MODIS GOES, METEOSAT, GMS, MTSAT, MODIS GOES, METEOSAT, GMS, MTSAT, MODIS
Scatterometer,
winds above ocean surface
ERS, Quikscat, ASCAT ERS, Quikscat ERS, Quikscat, ASCAT ERS, Quikscat, ASCAT ERS, Quikscat
Ozone sensors,
retrievals
SBUV V8 Retrievals SBUV V8 Retrievals TOMS, OMI (nudging) TOMS, OMI (nudging) TOMS, SBUV, GOME, MIPAS, SCIAMACHY, MLS, OMI
Other notable elements AIRS, IASI, GPS radio occultation, AMSR-E, reprocessed ERS, reprocessed GMS, AMSU-B NOAA-15 TMI rain rate, AIRS, AMSU-B NOAA-15 Reprocessed GMS winds, AMSR-E Total column water vapor, HIRS NOAA-15 and later not used Reprocessed winds
from GMS/GOES-
9/MTSAT (revised) and
METEOSAT,
Reprocessed
radiances from
GMS/GOES-
9/MTSAT, TMI (from US),
AMSR-E (from JAXA), GPS radio
occultation, SSMIS,
VTPR, HIRS NOAA-
15 and later not used
GPS radio occultation, AIRS, SSM/I-S, AMSR-E, HIRS NOAA-18
Input checked by J.Woollen, B.Kistler, D.Kleist, J.Derber R. Gelaro,
M.  Bosilovich
S. Kobayashi S. Kobayashi P. Poli

Reprocessing

Coordination meeting in the framework of EU FP7 Core-Climax and EU FP7 ERA-CLIM on the reprocessing of GOES, METEOSAT, and AVHRR into atmospheric motion vector (AMV) winds (as well as clear-sky and all-sky radiances for METEOSAT). View the report here.

 

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